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Brought to you by Washington University and NAEMSP, our mission is to provide education to the EMS practitioner who is always asking “but why?” using physician-level expert commentary, queries from paramedics, and some good old fashioned humor.

Sep 29, 2021

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this episode covers the challenge of the prehospital airway. The But Why team covers unique ways to secure the airway that include  "Ghosting the Airway" and "Romantic Hands."  

Hear the But Why EMS Podcast team discuss this situation with:

 

Dr. Robert Stephens

Emergency Medicine Resident at Washington University

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Thank you for listening!

Hawnwan Philip Moy MD 

Gina Pellerito EMT-P

John Reagan EMT-P

Noah Bernhardson MD

 

References:

1. Sakles JC, Chiu S, Mosier J, et al. The importance of first pass success when performing orotracheal intubation in the emergency department. Acad Emerg Med 2013;20(1):71-78.

2. Sakles JC, Mosier J, Stolz U. In reply. Acad Emerg Med 2013;20(9):966.

3. Limkakeng A, Broder JS, Theiling BJ. Chicken or egg? Risks of misattribution of cause-effect relationships in studies of association. Acad Emerg Med 2013;20(9):965.

4. Kajino K, Iwami T, Kitamura T, et al. Comparison of supraglottic airway versus endotracheal intubation for the pre-hospital treatment of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Crit Care 2011;15(5):R236.

5. Clemency BM, Roginski M, Lindstrom HA, et al. Paramedic intubation: patient position might matter. Prehosp Emerg Care 2014;18(2):239-243.

6. Murphy DL, Rea TD, McCoy AM, et al. Inclined position is associated with improved first pass success and laryngoscopic view in prehospital endotracheal intubations. Am J Emerg Med 2019;37(5):937-941.

7. Turner JS, Ellender TJ, Okonkwo ER, et al. Feasibility of upright patient positioning and intubation success rates At two academic EDs. Am J Emerg Med 2017;35(7):986-992.

8. Levitan RM, Kinkle WC, Levin WJ, et al. Laryngeal view during laryngoscopy: a randomized trial comparing cricoid pressure, backward-upward-rightward pressure, and bimanual laryngoscopy. Ann Emerg Med 2006;47(6):548-555.

9. Snider DD, Clarke D, Finucane BT. The "BURP" maneuver worsens the glottic view when applied in combination with cricoid pressure. Can J Anaesth 2005;52(1):100-104.

10. Tournadre JP, Chassard D, Berrada KR, et al. Cricoid cartilage pressure decreases lower esophageal sphincter tone. Anesthesiology 1997;86(1):7-9.

11. Chassard D, Tournadre JP, Berrada KR, et al. Cricoid pressure decreases lower oesophageal sphincter tone in anaesthetized pigs. Can J Anaesth 1996;43(4):414-417.

12. Garrard A, Campbell AE, Turley A, et al. The effect of mechanically-induced cricoid force on lower oesophageal sphincter pressure in anaesthetised patients. Anaesthesia 2004;59(5):435-439.

13. Heath KJ, Palmer M, Fletcher SJ. Fracture of the cricoid cartilage after Sellick's manoeuvre. Br J Anaesth 1996;76(6):877-878.

14. Notcutt W. Oesophageal rupture and cricoid pressure. Anaesthesia 1991;46(5):424-425.

15. Savino PB, Reichelderfer S, Mercer MP, et al. Direct Versus Video Laryngoscopy for Prehospital Intubation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Acad Emerg Med 2017;24(8):1018-1026.

16. Messa MJ, Kupas DF, Dunham DL. Comparison of bougie-assisted intubation with traditional endotracheal intubation in a simulated difficult airway. Prehosp Emerg Care 2011;15(1):30-33.

17. Driver BE, Prekker ME, Klein LR, et al. Effect of Use of a Bougie vs Endotracheal Tube and Stylet on First-Attempt Intubation Success Among Patients With Difficult Airways Undergoing Emergency Intubation: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA 2018;319(21):2179-2189.

18. Driver B, Dodd K, Klein LR, et al. The Bougie and First-Pass Success in the Emergency Department. Ann Emerg Med 2017;70(4):473-478 e471.

19. Latimer AJ, Harrington B, Counts CR, et al. Routine Use of a Bougie Improves First-Attempt Intubation Success in the Out-of-Hospital Setting. Ann Emerg Med 2021;77(3):296-304.

20. Braude D, Richards M. Rapid Sequence Airway (RSA)--a novel approach to prehospital airway management. Prehosp Emerg Care 2007;11(2):250-252.

21. Braude D, Southard A, Bajema T, et al. Rapid sequence airway using the LMA-Supreme as a primary airway for 9 h in a multi-system trauma patient. Resuscitation 2010;81(9):1217.

22. Moss R, Porter K, Greaves I, et al. Pharmacologically assisted laryngeal mask insertion: a consensus statement. Emerg Med J 2013;30(12):1073-1075.